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Influenza in Thailand and countermeasure against it

        The report of the situation of influenza in Thailand in 2019 shows that during January 1, 2019 - April 4, 2019, the number of patients infected by influenza is 121,919. The ratio of patients per population is 184.56:100,000. The number of patients that reported to the dead is 8 (the ratio is 0.01%). Moreover, the number of accumulated patients is higher than the median of the past five years and higher than last year 2 times. Ages of patients are around 5-9 years old. The province that has the highest number of patients is Chiang-Mai and the second in Bangkok.(1)
        In Thailand, the annual human influenza epidemics occurred from January to March and from June to November or December on some years, with discrete peaks from August to September.(2)
        Influenza is spread when a person who has the flu coughs, sneezes and talks. The influenza virus is then in the air and can land in the mouth and nose of others around them who may develop the flu. The influenza virus may also survive on surfaces and be transferred when a person touches the surface, then touches their mouth, eyes, and nose. Influenza is often contagious before a person has symptoms.(3)
        Symptoms of influenza often include muscle aches, feeling very tired, fever with chills, headache, cough and a sore throat. In addition, children may also have a high fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and seizures. Most people recover from the flu in 1 – 2 weeks. However, some people, especially the very young and the elderly, can have flu-related complications that can be serious.(3)
Prevention Tips
        The best way to prevent the spread of the flu is the combination of vaccine and other ways. Here are other ways you can help prevent the spread of the flu:
Work place
        1. The use of personal protective equipment such as face masks may be warranted if your job makes you highly likely to come into contact with infected individuals.(4)
        2. Try to stay three to six feet away from the person who is sick whenever possible.(4)
        3. To wash hands, in toilets (after going to the toilet) or in kitchens (before eating).(4)
        4. To cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, in prominent locations around the workplace.(4)
        5. To stay home when sick, in prominent locations throughout the workplace.(4)
        6. Clean surfaces in their work environment, for example, wipe the desk and keyboard.(4)
Home
        1. If someone in the family has the flu, that person should make sure to cover their coughs and sneezes and use tissues that are thrown into a waste bin right away. In addition, rest in a separate room.(3)
        2. Avoid sharing utensils, dishes, and glassware, or other common items that might become contaminated with flu and lead to transmission from hands to the face, eyes, nose, and mouth.(3)
        3. Thoroughly clean services and common areas in the home including keyboards, remote controls and other items used by the sick person.(3)
        4. Eat Right: Eating healthy, balanced meals can strengthen your immune system.(3)
        5. Exercise: It boosts your immune system and speeds recovery from illness.(3)



Data source

1.Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health

2.World Health Organization

3.National Jewish Health

4.HealthEngine

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